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Found 12 resources at the 9-12 grade level for the concept: Science aims to build explanations of the natural world. (P3, P6)

Newton's 2nd law: Inquiry approach
Students act as colleagues of Isaac Newton. Students focus on how to design a procedure to test Newton's hypothesis and then communicate that idea to others. The emphasis is on the process rather than the actual results.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Tung, Cecilia

Resource type: lab activity

imageDesigning your very own science experiment
Students design and carry out an experiment using pill bugs (isopods). Other organisms could be used in place of the pill bugs. Students reflect on the process used by charting their pathway on the Science Flowchart.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Stefanski, Mark

Resource type: lab activity

imageThe Hobbit: When scientists disagree about the evidence
This classroom activity, adapted from an exercise on PBS's NOVA website, provides an excellent example of an active debate within the scientific community regarding a relatively recent human fossil find, Homo floresiensis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Visionlearning

Resource type: classroom activity

imageRutherford's enlarged: A content embedded NOS activity
Students reason about a model of Ernst Rutherford's famous experiment supporting the idea of the atomic nucleus. They differentiate between observation and inference and see the role of creativity in the process of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad

Resource type: lab activity

imageGalaxy classification
This is a modified version of Galactic Inquiry in which students learn about galaxy classification while also experiencing a simple simulation of peer review and community analysis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Whitfield, Lisé

Resource type: lab activity

imageThe story behind the science
Thirty stories spanning five disciplines help students explore key science concepts through the eyes of the scientists who were involved, while emphasizing the nature and process of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Iowa State University

Resource type: article

imageHow science works
This Science in Action video uses the Understanding Science Flowchart to follow arachnologist Charles Griswold and colleagues as they describe the process involved in an exciting new spider discovery.

Audience: 9-12

Source: California Academy of Sciences

Resource type: video

imageClipbirds
In this activity, students simulate bird feeding with "beaks" that differ in size. The proportion of big-, medium-, and small-beaked birds changes in response to available types of food. This is a lesson on evolution, but suggestions on how to incorporate the nature and process of science are included.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

imageAnolis Lizards
Students "travel" to the Greater Antilles to figure out how the Anolis lizards might have evolved there. Students make observations, ask questions, share data, form hypotheses, generate expectations, get more data, interpret them, and test their ideas.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Collins, Jennifer

Resource type: lab activity

imageCells within cells: An extraordinary claim with extraordinary evidence
This Science in Action article on endosymbiosis explores the career of microbiologist, Lynn Margulis and how an unlikely idea overcame strong resistance within the scientific community and finally came to be an accepted part of evolutionary theory.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: article

imageAge dating star clusters
Students explore how classification and graphing are used by astronomers to determine the age of star clusters. They will measure the color and brightness of stars, as proxies for temperature and luminosity

Audience: 9-12

Source: Whitfield, Lisé

Resource type: lab activity

imageAmazon fly
This short activity quickly engages the participants in the process of developing testable hypotheses. Students come up with multiple hypotheses to explain a set of observations and figure out how to test these hypotheses.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

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