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Found 13 resources at the 9-12 grade level for the concept: Different scientists may interpret the same data in different ways. (P7)

Xenosmilus
In this lesson, students play the roles of paleontologists on a dig. They “unearth” a few fossils at a time and attempt to reconstruct the animal the fossils represent.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

Dogs and turnips
In this lesson students attempt to assemble a meaningful sentence by successively turning over cards with words on them. The point is made that we change our ideas of what a story may be as we gather more information.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

The great fossil find
Students are taken on an imaginary fossil hunt and form hypotheses about the identity of the creature they discover. Students revise their hypotheses as new evidence is found.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

Crime scene: The case of the missing computer chip
In this classroom activity, teams of students use clues to adjust working hypotheses about an unsolved crime. The nature and process of science are recognized through discussion of the crime solution metaphor.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

The checks lab
Students construct plausible scenarios to explain a series of canceled bank checks. They revise their original hypotheses with new evidence and learn how human values and biases influence observation and interpretation.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

The Hobbit: When scientists disagree about the evidence
This classroom activity, adapted from an exercise on PBS's NOVA website, provides an excellent example of an active debate within the scientific community regarding a relatively recent human fossil find, Homo floresiensis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Visionlearning

Resource type: classroom activity

Time for mitosis
Drs. Lederman compare two methods of teaching about mitosis, emphasizing how to enhance a lesson by incorporating the nature of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Lederman, Norman and Judith

Resource type: article

Galaxy classification
This is a modified version of Galactic Inquiry in which students learn about galaxy classification while also experiencing a simple simulation of peer review and community analysis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Whitfield, Lisé

Resource type: lab activity

The story behind the science
Thirty stories spanning five disciplines help students explore key science concepts through the eyes of the scientists who were involved, while emphasizing the nature and process of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Iowa State University

Resource type: article

Investigating a Deep Sea Mystery
In this lab activity, students examine authentic morphological and phylogenetic data of three fish families and then pose and test alternative hypotheses about the fishes' classification.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ETOL

Resource type: lab activity

Clipbirds
In this activity, students simulate bird feeding with "beaks" that differ in size. The proportion of big-, medium-, and small-beaked birds changes in response to available types of food. This is a lesson on evolution, but suggestions on how to incorporate the nature and process of science are included.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

Cells within cells: An extraordinary claim with extraordinary evidence
This Science in Action article on endosymbiosis explores the career of microbiologist, Lynn Margulis and how an unlikely idea overcame strong resistance within the scientific community and finally came to be an accepted part of evolutionary theory.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: article

Teaching the Process of Molecular Phylogeny and Systematics: A Multi-Part Inquiry-Based Exercise
Students explore molecular data from Homo sapiens and four related primates and develop multiple hypotheses regarding the ancestry of these five species by analyzing DNA sequences, protein sequences, and chromosomal maps.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Nathan Lents

Resource type: lab activity

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