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Found 6 resources at the 9-12 grade level for the concept: Raw data must be analyzed and interpreted before we can tell whether a scientific idea is likely to be accurate or inaccurate. (P4, P5)

Exploring bouncing balls
Students explore the physical properties of a variety of balls and how they bounce. Students then reflect on the process they used by charting their pathway on the Understanding Science Flowchart.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: lab activity

Newton's 2nd law: Inquiry approach
Students act as colleagues of Isaac Newton. Students focus on how to design a procedure to test Newton's hypothesis and then communicate that idea to others. The emphasis is on the process rather than the actual results.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Tung, Cecilia

Resource type: lab activity

The Hobbit: When scientists disagree about the evidence
This classroom activity, adapted from an exercise on PBS's NOVA website, provides an excellent example of an active debate within the scientific community regarding a relatively recent human fossil find, Homo floresiensis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Visionlearning

Resource type: classroom activity

Rutherford's enlarged: A content embedded NOS activity
Students reason about a model of Ernst Rutherford's famous experiment supporting the idea of the atomic nucleus. They differentiate between observation and inference and see the role of creativity in the process of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad

Resource type: lab activity

Investigating a Crime Scene
Two suspicious dogs and a shredded book provide a perfect combination for focusing on the process of science and to do so with a bit of a chuckle. This powerpoint has been developed so that you can ask for student responses throughout.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: powerpoint slides

Age dating star clusters
Students explore how classification and graphing are used by astronomers to determine the age of star clusters. They will measure the color and brightness of stars, as proxies for temperature and luminosity

Audience: 9-12

Source: Whitfield, Lisé

Resource type: lab activity

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