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Found 12 resources at the 9-12 grade level for the concept: Scientists often try to generate multiple explanations for what they observe. (P7)

imageThe great fossil find
Students are taken on an imaginary fossil hunt and form hypotheses about the identity of the creature they discover. Students revise their hypotheses as new evidence is found.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

imageCrime scene: The case of the missing computer chip
In this classroom activity, teams of students use clues to adjust working hypotheses about an unsolved crime. The nature and process of science are recognized through discussion of the crime solution metaphor.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

imagePoking around
Students are introduced to the process of scientific inquiry as they develop an approach to determine the shape and size of an unseen object.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Stefanski, Mark

Resource type: classroom activity

imageMystery boxes: Uncertainty and collaboration
Students manipulate sealed "mystery" boxes to determine the inner structure of the boxes. The nature and sources of uncertainty inherent in the process of problem-solving are experienced, but reduced by collaboration.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ENSI

Resource type: classroom activity

imageThe Hobbit: When scientists disagree about the evidence
This classroom activity, adapted from an exercise on PBS's NOVA website, provides an excellent example of an active debate within the scientific community regarding a relatively recent human fossil find, Homo floresiensis.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Visionlearning

Resource type: classroom activity

imageThe story behind the science
Thirty stories spanning five disciplines help students explore key science concepts through the eyes of the scientists who were involved, while emphasizing the nature and process of science.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Iowa State University

Resource type: article

imageInvestigating a Deep Sea Mystery
In this lab activity, students examine authentic morphological and phylogenetic data of three fish families and then pose and test alternative hypotheses about the fishes' classification.

Audience: 9-12

Source: ETOL

Resource type: lab activity

imageAnolis Lizards
Students "travel" to the Greater Antilles to figure out how the Anolis lizards might have evolved there. Students make observations, ask questions, share data, form hypotheses, generate expectations, get more data, interpret them, and test their ideas.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Collins, Jennifer

Resource type: lab activity

imageCells within cells: An extraordinary claim with extraordinary evidence
This Science in Action article on endosymbiosis explores the career of microbiologist, Lynn Margulis and how an unlikely idea overcame strong resistance within the scientific community and finally came to be an accepted part of evolutionary theory.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: article

imageTeaching the Process of Molecular Phylogeny and Systematics: A Multi-Part Inquiry-Based Exercise
Students explore molecular data from Homo sapiens and four related primates and develop multiple hypotheses regarding the ancestry of these five species by analyzing DNA sequences, protein sequences, and chromosomal maps.

Audience: 9-12

Source: Nathan Lents

Resource type: lab activity

imageInvestigating a Crime Scene
Two suspicious dogs and a shredded book provide a perfect combination for focusing on the process of science and to do so with a bit of a chuckle. This powerpoint has been developed so that you can ask for student responses throughout.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: powerpoint slides

imageAmazon fly
This short activity quickly engages the participants in the process of developing testable hypotheses. Students come up with multiple hypotheses to explain a set of observations and figure out how to test these hypotheses.

Audience: 9-12

Source: UCMP

Resource type: classroom activity

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