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Lesson summary for:
How science works

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Overview:
This video uses the Understanding Science flowchart to describe how a team of scientists investigates climate change throughout Earth's history with ocean sediment cores.

Author/Source:
OceanLeadership

Grade:
9-12

Discipline:
Nature and Process of Science, Earth science

Time:
10 minutes

Concepts:
Correspondence to the Next Generation Science Standards is indicated in parentheses after each relevant concept. See our conceptual framework for details.

  • Scientists strive to test their ideas with evidence from the natural world; a hallmark of science is exposing ideas to testing. (P3, P4, P6, P7, NOS2)

  • Scientific knowledge is open to question and revision as new ideas surface and new evidence is discovered. (P4, P6, NOS3)

  • Science is ongoing; answering one scientific question frequently leads to additional questions to be investigated. (P1)

  • The real process of science is complex, iterative, and can take many different paths.

  • The process of science involves observation, exploration, testing, communication, and application.

  • Researchers share their findings with the scientific community through scientific publications. (P8)

  • Science depends on communication within the scientific community. (P7, P8)

  • Scientists usually work collaboratively. (NOS7)

Teacher background:

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